Leader and society.
Power changes people. People who get to the top of the smallest of hierarchies become different. They relate to their circle differently, forget the old friends, uncover new personality traits, traits others haven’t seen before. We say that power corrupts, but this is not entirely accurate.
The hierarchical instinct brings the man’s psych in sync with his position in the hierarchy. We mentioned this before. The functions to control a group is encoded in every individual’s genes, but they are used to a different degree, and sometimes, not at all. If an individual is at the low position in the hierarchy, the ruling function lies dormant. But as soon as his position in the hierarchy changes, his personal qualities change to match the new position. Such metamorphosis is most spectacular in the [Russian] army, in the parts in which officers do nothing to prevent hazing. When the older generation of conscripts, which has been oppressing, terrorizing and disparaging the younger one, is discharged, the next generation takes their place and immediately converts from low-rank servants to cruel mid-rank dominating slave owners, oppressing the new younger generation. In under a week, the sense of self and the behavior of people changes completely. One set of programs is turned off, the other is turned on.
And when an individual get to the highest level of a hierarchy, takes a place at the top and becomes a bearer of power (king, CEO, land owner), rather than a conduit (minister, manager), another metamorphosis takes place. His leader’s instinct kicks in. He becomes another person. He feels his pyramid, the people that make it, their life, schemes, relationships, thoughts, actions, the financial and resource flow in the hierarchy as an extension of his organism. He feels the responsibility for that new part of himself. And, of course, the new leader gets a new ability to manipulate and control people, and a new confidence to make decisions. From outside, it may look like super intuition, wisdom and sagacity of the ruler.
Most cultures have a supreme ruler, be it tsar, king, president or premier. At the early stages of the civilization development, in small or medium sized pyramidal hierarchies the leader’s instinct brought more good than harm, and it was advantageous to have, instead of a temporary vicar, a king, an absolute ruler, an owner who feels personally responsible for the country his children will inherit. In a large society, however, the supreme ruler gathers a lot of power and becomes nearly invulnerable, which makes it hard or impossible to replace him if he abuses his power. Besides, a single ruler can’t control a large society, and, as the result, his leader’s instinct is not on, he acts as mid-rank, and sometimes as low-rank. Without feeling of responsibility, he becomes an invulnerable tyrant, satrap and/or despot, which is catastrophic for the society. The examples are all over history, from Caligula to Putin. This is the reason for separation of powers in modern countries, and the supreme leader only gets entrusted with the executive power — for a period of time. He is not entrusted with money — budgeting is the parliament’s job.
If the leader’s instinct kicks in when the individual is still at the power conduit level, he is said to have a “managerial talent”.
Once a leader, a man can not turn off the instinct and go down the hierarchy, he will always be different. He will only be himself among similar leaders, tsars of small and large hierarchies. Inside another’s hierarchy, he will not be in his place. Either his own pyramid, no matter how small, or solitude.
Pyramidal hierarchy of males is held together by submission system. This system is based on fear (danger from others), respect (acceptance of higher or equal position of another male in the hierarchy) and/or conflicts (aggression). A female hierarchy is held together by mutual manipulation. A leader is always a good manipulator. Women dig the man’s ability to manipulate others as the female instinct perceives is as a high-rank’s trait. Women love such men, and lack an immunity against manipulations of these men. Women fall easily for their own tricks — it is imperative for the pack’s and tribe’s viability that the leader is able to control the reproductive core as well as men. In contrast, the leader himsself is immune to manipulations — his decisions must be adequate, the leader thinks and acts in his own interests and interests of his hierarchy. Women think and act in their own interests and interests of their children. Mid-rank and low-rank men think in whatever schemes were imposed upon them. Which corresponds to everyone’s position in a hierarchy.
In an unbalanced, demoralized society, a man with active leader’s instinct can become a mini tyrant in his house, and even live at the woman’s expense, parasitizing on her love.
The leader’s instinct is tightly coupled with territorial instinct. A male without his own territory, without a hunting ground he controls can not be a fully-fledged male. If man has his own business, a separate house of piece of land, that brings out responsibility, and makes it easier for the leader’s instinct to awaken. In countries where men a not allowed to own property, or his property can be taken away at any moment, the leader’s instinct does not switch on. In Russia, men had no property rights for centuries, and, as the result, most men a weak, lack initiative and responsibility. The leader’s instinct is blocked by the low rank in the hierarchy. Instead, the mid-rank and low-rank programs are in control, men do not value their lives, do not care for their health, drink, and don’t even live long enough to retire.
If the leader’s instinct turns on too early, in childhood, this child is called “difficult”. Any adults’ attempts to impose limitations on his independence will cause a conflict. He is the leader, and nobody tells him what to do. In school he will gather a pack of low-rank high-instinct-drive children and become a little tsar, drinking parents’ and teachers’ blood. For this reason, in a balanced society children are not pampered, but kept at the very bottom of the hierarchy. Once children completed their education and upbringing, they are transferred to the adult hierarchy in mid-rank position via a ritual — it is detrimental for a society if most members remain passive and irresponsible low ranks. There are all kinds of rituals and rites that make a boy into a man. In fact, any increase in rank is often made into a celebration, is accompanied with a ritual. Ritual raises the self confidence of the young man and turns on the instincts of the mid-rank, with greater responsibility and initiative. And, if the high-rank instinct switches on, now that the man was educated and trained, it will further benefit the society.